I was elected to visit the Moscow International Congress at a Conference of London Trade Unionists, held in the Friars' Hall. Blackfriars Road. London, on May 7th, at which Conference I presided. The Conference was held in support of the principles of The Red Trade Union International.
I do not propose to follow the usual lines of presenting a detailed report of proceedings day by day, but shall put the case in what I think will be a more generally serviceable fashion by showing what Russia really is like now, in what way it materially differs from Russia of pre-Revolution days, and give reasons for conclusions drawn.
The Population Of Soviet Russia.
Under the old regime the population of Russia was about 175,000,000. As a consequence of the application of the principle of self-determination during the War and the Revolution, the population of Soviet Russia is now about 130 millions, and of this total more than 80 per cent., or 110 millions, are peasants.
It is necessary to be clear-minded about this great preponderance of the peasants in numbers, and particularly so for Englishmen, as in this country our peasant class is so small a percentage of the total as to be an almost negligible quantity, particularly so as they are much more of the proletarian class than of the peasant proprietor type.
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