Contemporaries of Michel Lambert considered him to be the foremost composer of airs during the reign of Louis XIV. As one of the king's chamber musicians, he provided music for royal entertainments, and often performed as a singer and theorbist. He developed a close relationship with Lully, both professionally and as his father-in-law. Although Lambert published two collections of his own airs, many of his works circulated anonymously in such anthologies as the Airs de différents autheurs, published annually by the Ballard firm from 1658 to 1694. This collection proves to be the only surviving source for a number of Lambert's airs. The edition presents the airs as they were printed in the Airs de différents autheurs, providing the most comprehensive collection of Lambert's airs to date.